In order to mitigate the negative impacts that are associated with the use of traditional cookstoves and open fires, the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves is leading a global effort to replace traditional cookstoves with cleaner and more energy efficient cooking solutions. Development of a global clean cookstove industry that is constantly innovating to improve design and performance, while lowering the cost of cookstoves, can lead the way to widespread adoption of clean cooking solutions.
Igniting Change: A Strategy for Universal Adoption of Clean Cookstoves and Fuels. The first sector-wide strategy based on the input of over 350 leading experts and practitioners that outlines how to create a thriving global market for clean cookstoves and fuels.
Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves Business Plan: A comprehensive ten-year plan that will guide the Alliance’s efforts in achieving the ‘100 by 2020 goal’ (100 million households adopt clean cooking solutions by 2020) by working with stakeholders to remove the barriers that currently prevent adoption at scale.
There is a wide range of cookstove technologies and fuels available today. Improved cookstoves are not always significantly cleaner, safer, or more efficient that traditional cookstoves, so it is important to have clear standards for assessing and benchmarking product performance. A key priority for the Alliance is the development and implementation of international standards via the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the development of a global network of centers for stove testing.
In February 2012 more than 90 stakeholders from 23 countries met in The Hague, Netherlands for an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) meeting that resulted in unanimous support among meeting participants for an International Workshop Agreement (IWA 11:2012), which defines tiers of performance for efficiency and emissions. To build on the progress from the February 2012 ISO International Workshop Agreement (IWA) to establish interim standards for cookstoves, the Alliance has developed interim stove performance reporting guidelines that provide interim guidance for how the Alliance and its Partners will standardize reporting of testing results for IWA Indicators. This guidance will apply until international standards are formally developed and established, which may include lessons learned from these interim guidelines.
In addition to the technical performance of the stove, the following factors should be considered:
- Local cooking habits – does the stove match the end-user’s cultural and practical habits? Is it possible to cook all types of traditional food of the area?
- Flexibility in fuel usage – ensure that the fuel is locally available. For biomass cookstoves different types of locally available biomass should be usable, there shouldn’t be too many requirements for specific types/size/shape of biomass and overall a lower biomass consumption.
- Cost – is the stove affordable for the target customers?
- Simple design – the stove should be easy to operate and maintain.
- Ergonomics – can the end-user sit or stand in a convenient posture before the stove?
- Safety – is it safe to use in the proximity of children and the whole family?
- Durability – the stove needs to be durable and easy to maintain, preferably made with locally available good quality material so that it can be repaired.