The Swedish Energy Agency invests in programmes that will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by at least four million tons, by distributing more than half a million cookstoves in African countries.
The Swedish Energy Agency has committed itself to acquiring Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from eight Clean Development Mechanism programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The programmes will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by at least four million tons until 2020 by reducing the use of non-renewable biomass. More than half a million improved cookstoves will be distributed in order to achieve the emission reductions. The programmes are implemented in both urban and rural areas in Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Malawi, Nigeria, Togo, Uganda and Zambia.
Through this ambitious effort Sweden is contributing to the rapid deployment of low cost high impact technology reaching up to 2 million households across Africa.
Christian Sommer, Programme Manager at the Swedish Energy Agency explains: “The idea behind the improved cookstove programmes is to allow the users of the stoves to save around 50 percent of wood or charcoal, used as fuel in the stoves, by introducing simple low cost cookstoves with vastly improved efficiency compared to traditional methods of cooking”.
In parts of Africa wood fuels account for almost 90 percent of primary energy consumption which leads to degradation of forests. According to the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves nearly 3 billion people in the developing world cook food and heat their homes with traditional cookstoves or open fires. 4 million premature deaths occur every year due to smoke exposure from these methods and women and children are the most affected.
“In addition to the environmental and health benefits reduced fuel consumption also leads to improved household economy by reducing expenditure on fuel and by freeing up time that women and children spend on collecting firewood”, Sommer said.